One consideration when constructing a new deck is the addition of a ramp. This is a must if the household includes a wheelchair-bound occupant. Here are some construction tips for a deck with a ramp.
Considerations for a Ramp
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) establishes regulations for ramp construction. While these apply to commercial facilities, residences can benefit by following the same, or nearly identical, guidelines. Apartment complexes, by the way, fall under the commercial category, so compliance is a must.
The advice we impart below comes courtesy of ADA.
ADA Ramp Requirements
- The ramp’s width must be a minimum of 36 inches; typical residential ramps are around 40 inches.
- The rise (the total height) cannot be greater than 30 inches
- The landing (the peak of the ramp) must be at least 60 inches in length
- If you add rails, the top portion should be low enough for a wheelchair-bound adult to grab them.
Best Materials for a deck with a Ramp
We recommend composite decking for most deck constructions, ramp or no ramp. Wood is not the best surface option since it can warp and splinter, creating an uneven surface that causes a wheelchair to get stuck or to require additional effort to get over. Warping is especially likely to occur in coastal climates.
Modern composite caps come fortified with material that protects against moisture. Many types are also slip-resistant. This is why we suggest composite not just for the ramp but the entire deck. The same goes for fencing.
We Add Ramps to All Deck Styles
View our gallery to see some of our decks. Though the images include stairs, we can just as easily add a ramp. Give Allied Construction a call to install a deck with a ramp or add a ramp to an existing deck.
Handicapped-Access Ramp Installation
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